WHAT I KNOW…
From 1940, and for every subsequent year of the war, there was a national drive to get the population to save their money. People could buy war bonds or put their money into other savings schemes, with the aim of putting more cash into the hands of the government rather than individuals or businesses. The government would then spend the money on the war effort. Each year had a different focus and schemes were based locally, often leading to neighbouring towns competing as to who would pledge the most savings.
For Brandon in 1941, it was all about ‘War Weapons Week’, saving the equivalent amount of money to buy three Spitfires for the Royal Air Force. For the Brandon district (including Elveden, Lakenheath and Santon Downham) this meant £15,000, which was surpassed in the first week. The event began in March 1941, when the target of £10,000 for Brandon, with Lakenheath and Elveden each aiming for £5,000, being surpassed in the first week, with the sum total committed being £22,289.
Mr Herbert Edwards, Head A.R.P. Warden, held a daily exhibition of captured German war relics on the Market Hill, which included a dinghy, paddles, a Mae West coat, a fin and rudder from a Junkers 88, parachute flares, machine guns, Very lights, incendiary bombs and a land mine. Rev Tyrell Green (Secretary of the War Weapons Week committee) was displaying German bombs in the windows of the Gas Company showroom, High Street, which was the committee’s headquarters. Mrs Green (newsagent) displayed a photograph of Sgt Edmund George Caban (R.A.F.) in her shop window. He had just been awarded the Distinguished Flying Medal. Below is the programme of events.
BRANDON & DISTRICT, WAR WEAPONS WEEK, PROGRAMME
SUNDAY, 23rd March.
MONDAY, 24th March.
TUESDAY, 25th March.
WEDNESDAY, 26th March.
THURSDAY, 27th March.
FRIDAY, 28th March.
SATURDAY, 29th March.
The event was sponsored by the following Brandon businesses, some carried slogans in the press…
1 – 2 – 3, Complete the “Hat Trick” In Spitfires. S. & P. LINGWOOD, Hatter’s Furriers, Brandon.
BRANDON’S BONDS TO BUILD BRANDON’S SPITFIRES. A. J. GASCOYNE, Grocer and Draper, 5, Thetford Road, Brandon.
Give The Service – THE TOOLS – and THEY WILL FINISH THE JOB. MRS. M. E. GREEN, Newsagent, High Street, Brandon.
EVERY LITTLE HELPS TO WIN. HERBERT EDWARDS, “The Flint Knappers”, Brandon.
MEAT IS RATIONED BUT NOT YOUR SAVINGS. F. W. GENTLE & SON, LTD., Butchers & Farmers, 33, High Street, Brandon.
£. S. D. SPELLS SPITFIRES. MOSS & POTTER, Wine Merchants, Thetford & Brandon.
WE/LLES, WILL/KIE, WIN/ANT. AVENUE CINEMA, Brandon.
NO NEED TO WHITEWASH OUR AIMS. F. J. MOUNT & SON, Ltd., Lime & Whiting Manufacturers, Brandon.
MAKE YOUR MONEY FIGHT. J. W. NORTON,Timber Merchant, Brandon, Elveden and Mildenhall.
The following donated money to place a large advert in the local press…
W. ROUGHT, Ltd., Hatters Furriers, Brandon.
Messrs, GREEN BROS. (Brandon) Ltd.,
Messrs, CALDERS, Ltd., Brandon Sawmills,
F. W. GENTLE & SON, Ltd., Butchers and Farmers, 33, High Street, Brandon.
REPORT OF THE EVENTS …
Sunday 23rd March.
There was a ¾ mile parade, starting at the Ram Meadow, visiting High Street, Thetford Road, George Street, London Road, Town Street, and finishing on the Market Hill. The parade featured two military bands, the Home Guard (under the leadership of Company Commander Wentworth-Smith, and Platoon Commanders Mr B.W. Wood and Mr W.G. Gentle), the Brandon Volunteer Fire Brigade, the Auxiliary Fire Brigade (Led by Captain B Olley), Air Raid Precautions and First Aid (led by Mr H Edwards), Brandon ARP Organiser (Mr R.J. Woodrow), Special Police Constables (led by Mr F.J. Mount), Police Sub-Divisional Commander (Mr A.J. Gascoigne), Police Section Leader (Sergeant J.A. Adams), 1st Company Brandon Girl Guides (led by Captain E Murrell), a contingent of troops, Chairman and Secretary of Brandon’s War Weapons Week Committee (Mr H Lingwood and Mr T.A. Green), and at the end of the parade was a selection of guns, tanks, Army motor vehicles, the Brandon Fire Engine, Tenders and Ambulance.
Music was provided at the Market Hill. Also at the Market Hill the chaplain of the R.A.F., the Rev J.D. Crawford and the Rev H Tyrell Green provided a Service, where two hymns were sung, “Eternal Father Strong To Save” and “Abide With Me”. Then followed the Lord’s Prayer, a lesson and a blessing. All this was relayed by loud speakers to the crowd on the Market Hill. The parade then returned to the Railway Meadow.
Monday 24th March.
The Avenue Cinema held a military band concert that was conducted by Mr W.R. Turner.
Tuesday 25th March.
The Paget Hall was decorated for a whist drive with 23 playing tables.
Wednesday 26th March.
The was an Air Raid Precautions exercise where the wardens demonstrated the rights and wrongs of extinguishing incendiary bombs by using stirrup pumps and buckets of sand. To simulate a gas attack tear gas was released and all who attended donned their gas masks and the First Aid were present to help deal with anyone who suffered inhalation of smoke or gas.
Thursday 27th March.
A variety concert was held at Lakenheath, while Weeting Hall hosted bridge games.
Friday 28th March.
A late night dance, 8pm to 1am, was held at the Paget Hall.
Saturday 29th March.
There was a display of military and Fire Brigade equipment on the Market Hill and a military band played music there in the afternoon and evening. At 7.30pm, at the Church Institute, there was an ‘all-star’ variety concert.
The Headmaster of Brandon Council Schools, Mr W.H. Lumsden, arranged a competition for the children for their best slogans for War Weapons Week, with cash prizes as incentives. The winners were:
“I’ll lend to defend my right to be free,and not have Hitler rule over me.”
Ivan Webber, aged 12
“Spend less, save more, that’s the way to win the war.”
Jean Clarke, aged 13
“We’ll help beat the Nazi scamps, by sticking on the savings stamps.”
Cynthia Holmes, aged 13
“Join in Brandon’s organisation, to raise £15,000 to help the nation.”
Phyllis Ludkin, aged 13
“Save all you can make no mistake, victory and freedom are at stake.”
“If we win the war Hitler will rave, so help this to happen by starting to save.”
18 other children were also awarded prizes.
THE FINAL TOTAL PLEDGED…
After the War Weapons Week had finished all the money the residents had pledged to save was added up, giving a grand total of £52,356, which equates to £13 per head (Brandon, Lakenheath, Elveden, Weeting, Santon Downham). This sum also includes 13s 8d from the 300 school children at the Brandon Elementary School who invested their money in Government Savings. Money could be saved through the following schemes – Savings Bonds, War Bonds, Defence Bonds and Saving Certificates.
- Brandon – £43,096 0s 8d
- Lakenheath – £7,552 15s 0d
- Elveden – £1,469 13s 9d
- Santon Downham – £237 11s 0d
Grand total – £52,356 0s 5d
Mr A.J. Harris (Assistant Commissioner for National Savings) asked to place on record the intense gratitude of his headquarters for the wonderful response.
“ … once again the residents of Brandon and the outlying villages had led a brilliant example to their fellow citizens in the Empire by lending so vast a sum of money to the nation …”