If the mood for Britain in 1939 was
of defiance, then the mood for Britain in 1940 was one of nervousness.
European countries were falling to the Germans at an alarming pace -
Luxembourg ... Holland ... Belgium. The Allied troops were extricated
from the Continent via Dunkirk, France our neighbour, and only remaining
European ally, surrendered - we were now alone in Europe ... and waiting
for the onslaught. The Germans were at The English Channel and were
viewing their next conquest.
It was not long. Enemy
aircraft bombed our cities and towns and the local papers carried news
that some of our local men were either dead or missing in action, a
stark contrast to the headlines of heroic men who heard the call to arms
that the papers reported of in the previous year.
introduced Anti-Rumour, 'Making Ends Meet', "Go To It" On The
Kitchen Front campaigns. A new order was introduced that prohibited all
cars and motorbikes, apart from those with 'special permission', from
entering a 5 mile exclusion zone from the Suffolk, and other South East
inwards, suspicion and rumours spread. Sixth Columnists, German troops
were apparently already being covertly parachuted into Britain in
advance of the German landings. There were blackouts and rationing, and
anyone found compromising these were dealt with severely.
This nervousness was
being felt in Brandon too ...
Gossip can be depressing
and defeatist, and may reach the enemy. Rumours may well be started by
the enemy. In fact there was a prosecution in Bury St. Edmunds for
"In the event of an invasion being attempted by the enemy it will
be necessary to limit drastically the number of vehicles using the roads
so that the movement of military or other essential traffic is not
hampered. The movement of private vehicles , e.g. doctors, is likely to
be prohibited, and in some areas vehicles will have to be made incapable
of movement by the removal of essential parts of their mechanism."
Even with a war raging there were still local government issues to be
resolved in the Mildenhall Rural District Council.
Brandon residents felt unhappy and neglected by the County Council
during the heavy snowfalls that fell across the region in January. They
asked their Council member, Mr H. Lingwood,
to protest to the County Council on the matter.
The cul-de-sac opposite the Church is named Coronation
Place, one other suggestion was Croft Place.
Some tenants of Council homes in Brandon were asked to cultivate their
A welcome distraction in Brandon
was the Avenue Cinema.
February, you could watch, "The Little Princess", starring Shirley
March, showed the arrival of "East Of Heaven", starring Bing
Crosby and Joan Blundell
The Mildenhall Rural District
Council amended the 1932 Entertainment Act under the Emergency Powers
Act, 1939, to allow cinemas to open on Sundays at 5 p.m. to 10 p.m. This
was with a condition that as long as the cinema showed entertainment of
a "healthy character, and properly conducted". The Bishop of
Lichfield had drawn up a list of films he considered suitable for Sunday
viewing. The primary aim of opening on Sundays was to entertain the
troops at home.
With all the
depressing news, and the hefty censorship, any piece of light news was
very welcome. It was reported that a hen belonging to Mr Vic Edwards of
the Coach and Horses Inn, Thetford Road, laid a "fossil egg".
It was encrusted with lime, but still had a good yolk!
"With Sure Faith that by the
resolute courage and endurance of our race we shall win through to
THE BURY GAS
John William Norton, Pine Villa, was
fined 10s for keeping a dog without a licence.
The Bank Holiday of Monday 5th August
was cancelled throughout the UK and it was to be a usual Monday of
28 farthings were stolen from
Interantional Stores after the door was forced open.
Mr E Norton was appointed cleaner of the
new Brandon toilets and received payment of 5s a week.
During March, an
exercise to test the response of the Brandon A.R.P was held.
Three top ARP officials from West Suffolk were in attendance to observe
Mr R.J. Woodrow (Parish ARP Organiser) and his staff
held their HQ at the Flintknappers Club Room. Mr H. Edwards
(Chief Warden) was in charge and along with Mrs H.
Wentworth-Smith and Mr B. Olley (Women's and
Men's Red Cross), held their HQ in the old School House.
Police Sgt J.A. Adams and P.C. L. Johnson were
in attendance throughout the exercise.
incident was situated at the Fox and Hounds
on the Thetford Road. 2 casualties were caused by
was situated at the back of the Ram Hotel.
5 casualties were caused by an enemy high explosive bomb.
exercise was west of Mile End and involved
the response of the Police to a report of an unexploded bomb
found in the ground.
(County Organiser ARP) announced he was very impressed at the common
sense and co-ordination of the Brandon ARP members. Dr Roger
(County Medical Officer) said he found the First Aid was excellent and
he was also pleased with the spirit of the ARP members in Brandon.
Later in the month, Mr
H. Edwards (Chief Warden) and Mr R.T. Wodrow (Parish ARP Organiser )
gave details of the distribution of babies' gas mask helmets and
REASONS FOR RATIONING
has meant the re-planning of our food supplies.
Half our meat and most of our bacon, butter and sugar
come from overseas. Here are four reasons for rationing:-
PREVENTS WASTE OF FOOD We
must not ask our sailors to bring us unnecessary food
cargoes at the risk of their lives.
INCREASES OUR WAR EFFORT
shipping carries food, and armaments in their raw and finished
state, and other essential raw materials for home consumption and
the expert trade. To reduce our purchases of food abroad is to
release ships for bringing us other imports. So we shall
our left out.
DIVIDES SUPPLIES EQUALLY
will be ample supplies for our 44½ million people, but we
must divide them fairly, everyone being treated alike. No one must
be left out.
PREVENTS UNCERTAINTY Your
Book assures you of your fair share. Rationing means that
there will be no uncertainty - and no queues.
RATION BOOK IS YOUR PASSPORT TO EASY
PURCHASING OF BACON & HAM, BUTTER AND SUGAR.
ANNOUNCEMENT BY THE MINISTRY OF FOOD, GT. WESTMINSTER HOUSE,
to your local Food Office or your District Nurse for a form for free, or
cheap, milk if you are an expectant mother, or have a child under 5.
Do not open new tins of fruit or vegetables this month - use fresh ones
and preserve some for Winter.
Try new ways of cooking rice. It is plentiful. Order a week's supply at
Ministry of Food
|Do you throw away scraps of food
rather than bother to make them up?
Do you have odd snacks during the day? Do you eat
just a little more than you need at mealtimes?
In peacetime these indulgences matter not. In war
time they matter vitally. We must save the Nation’s
money and free the cargo space which is needed for
munitions. Remember that this is not only a war
in the air and on land and sea, but a war in the
kitchen as well.
On the kitchen front
Save sugar. Stew
chopped figs - it’s a new way,
a nice way, and you’ll need less
THICK SOUP. Use the remains
of to-days rice pudding to thicken
EAT MORE PLUMS. Plums
are in season now. Make full
use of them and less of the tinned
fruit, which should be kept for
if everyone in
Great Britain wanted ½ oz of
bread daily we should be wasting
250,000 tons of wheat a year, and
that 30 wheat ships would be
required to carry that amount.
Listen in at 8.15 every morning
for Kitchen Front news.
RECIPE FOR CAULIFLOWER CHEESE.
Divide a medium-sized cauliflower
into small branches. Steep in salted water
for fifteen minutes. Steam until tender,
about 15 minutes. If you have no steamer
put in a saucepan with a teacup full
of salted water, cover with the lid and
cook steadily until tender, about 10 minutes.
Arrange in a shallow dish and if steamed
season with a little salt. Sprinkle with one
tablespoon of breadcrumbs mixed with three
heaped tablespoons of grated cheese. Brown
in the oven or under the grill. Serve
Stale bread baked in the oven and grated
is excellent for this dish. If you boil the
cauliflower, serve the water for soup or
MINISTRY OF FOOD. LONDON. S.W.1
A food tip, printed in the
A grand use for stale
Cut the stale ends of your
loaves into neat pieces and bake them in the oven whenever you
happen to have it on. They make crisp, delicious rusks,
excellent for the children’s teeth.
women 'do their bit' for the war effort.
Brandon WI would approach the West
Suffolk Education Committee to erect air raid shelters for the children
A whist drive organised by
Mrs F. Edwards and Mrs
J.W. Norton raised £2 12s 6d. The proceeds were to go
to provide parcels for Brandon men serving abroad.
Brandon W.I. member, Mrs G. Clarke
offers the use of her shed, in Lode Street, as a collection point for
old newspapers. Also in Lode Street, a dump is proposed for old
bedsteads, cycle frames and other sources of metal. All metals were
intended to be recycled and turned in war machinery, such as tanks and
ships, (This was the Government's propaganda to get all
Britains involved in the war effort, in truth very little scrap was
actually used.) to help the war effort.
Miss W. Neep arranges an 'Emblem' Day
and raises £8 7s for the British Sailors' Society.
were made locally to ‘buy a bomber’. This was a scheme where
all the Brandon organisations were notified of the scheme to
raise £100 to ‘buy‘ a bomber to donate to the R. A. F. The
treasurer was Mr. F. W. Gentle of Avenue House and the Secretary
was Mr. A. Kidd of Manor Road.
In September a house to house
collection boosted the fund to £88 11s 3½d.
In November the Bomber Fund
reached £114 13s.
Details of the donations
|Mr M. C. Grady
Messrs. F. J. Mount and Sons £5 5s
Dr. E. V. Beaumont £5
Messrs. F. W. Gentle & Son £5
Brandon’s W.I. £5
Mr. S. Chapman and family £3
Miss. H. Owles £3 3s
Mr. & Mrs. Geo Whitta £2 2s
Messrs. Moss & Potter £2 2s
Mr. & Mrs. Wm M. Green £2
Mr. G. Morse £1
Rev. Tyrell H. Green 10s 6d
Mrs. C. T. Knight (a
visitor from Sidcup) 10s
Mr. & Mrs. A. E. Malt 10s
Miss. Davies 10s
Mrs. Dyer 5s
£9 2s 6d
London Road £3 16s 11½d
Weeting £3 15s
London Road £3 12s 10½d
High Street £3 9s 9d
Brandon Hall (Fund
HQ) £3 2s
Market Hill, George Street &
Bury Road £2 10s 8d
Town Street £2 1s 9d
Santon Downham £1 6s 6½d
Mile End, Park View & Coronation
Place £1 5s 6d
Manor Road & Church Road 16s
Flintknappers box £1 18s 2d
Ram Hotel box 16s 4d
Secretary box (#1)
£2 0s 7½d
Secretary box (#2)
£ 2 8s 10½d
Mr. B.A.M. Lingwood writes ...
"In his sombre picture of the
trials that lie before us the Prime Minister said: "Constancy
and valour will be our only shield." I wish he had
included hope among our defenders.
For a small minority a return to
pre-war conditions may be incentive enough to maintain these virtues
through the years of tribulation which Mr Churchill envisages, but a
return to the discontent which caused the rise and near-triumph of
Fascism will not be sufficient to maintain constancy and valour in the
masses. That is why a fuller vision of a better future world
beyond the mere liberation of the conquered nations is so urgently
necessary before the winter, both for the starving and oppressed peoples
of Europe and for bombed Britain.
Must we wait for the U.S.A. to enter the
war before a democratic worldwide New Deal is held up to counter the
Fascist New World Order?"
In July, it was reported
"Mrs. J. W. Brown
of London Road has been officially notified that her husband Pte. J.
W. Brown of the Suffolk Regiment is missing."
In June, it was reported
that Flying Officer Gerald Bernard Warner, an Irishman and well known in
Brandon was awarded the DFC by The King.
The report went on to
state that he, "displayed exceptional skill & courage when
attacked by a superior number of enemy aircraft ... Warner has at all
times shown exceptional skill and coolness in the face of the
Warner destroyed a Bf109
and damaged a Bf110.
At the Mildenhall
Rural District Council, the question was raised for a mortuary to be
situated in Brandon. Council members agreed to give the Sanitary
Inspector power to hire any suitable building for use as a mortuary.
Parish Councilor & local butcher, F.W.
Gentle, was brought before the
Petty Sessions because he allowed a light to be shown at the entrance of
his house in the Avenue after the blackout, at 11.30pm on 18th June. A policeman alerted
to the light tried in vain to wake the Councilor and ended up climbing
up to pull the light from it’s fitting in the front door porch. The
case was dismissed after the councilor admitted his wife turned on the
wrong light and he paid 4s costs.
Also in June a Santon Downham resident
was fined 10s for displaying a light from his home during the blackout
on May 30th. PC Adams said that both living room windows were not
blacked out and an oil lamp was burning in the room. When
questioned the defendant claimed that he did not realise that it was
tiem for the balckout.
Two domestic servants were fined 5s,
with 2s 6d costs each for displaying a light at Kenilworth House,
Thetford Road on 5th July.
28 farthings were stolen from the
International Stores after the door had been forced open.
A new order was declared that
prohibited cars and motorbikes from within 5 miles of the Suffolk coast.
"Torches may only be used if
dimmed by 2 thickness of tissue paper, or the equivalent, and they must
be directed downwards. Torches must be immediately extinguished when the
air-raid warning sounds."
In November it was announced that
British Summer Time would be extended through the Winter, therefore
meaning clocks would not go back.
The slaughter house located at F. W.
Gentle’s butcher’s is granted permission to slaughter animals that
are injured during air-raids.
On November 10th at 3 p.m. the
Remembrance Parade went ahead as normal, though it was more poignant. It
was marshalled and led by Mr. L. G. Yates and General
H. G. J. de Lotbiniere.
Led by a band and also featuring in the parade were the Civil Defence,
Home Guard, the British Legion, Odd Fellows, Red Cross and the Brandon
Gen. de Lotbiniere read out the names of the dead and the Rector read
the names of those Brandon men held as P.O.W.s or missing.
A record collection of £11 18s 6d was collected for Earl Haig’s Fund.
The total money collected for the annual Poppy Appeal was £62 11s 10d.
Spring gave way to Summer, so football gave way to cricket. Brandon were
not playing the best of games it had to be said.
Brandon - 28 for 5
Gough 0; G.A. Gill
0; H.Smith 1; H.J.
Underwood 19; A.R. Tuck
2; B.Beckham 0; J.N.
Norman 2; extras 4)
Tofts - 90 for 9
Brandon vs Attleborough (at Heath
Brandon - 37 for 9
- 121 for 9
In August Brandon Ouseside
hosted Brandon Railway Hotel in a game of bowls and it resulted in a win
for the home team by 46 shots.
J. Murrell, J. W. Norton, G.
|(Railway Hotel) E.
Leatherdale, W. Edwards, E.
Lingwood, E. J. Mount, F.
|(Railway Hotel) R.
H. Fowler, J. Cater, W.
A. Murrell, L. Dick, W.
Lewis, R. Harrington
|(Railway Hotel) T.
Sanders, J. Carter, J.
Bullock, R. Zipfel
Stebbings, A. E. Osborne, J.
|(Railway Hotel) W.
Mortimer, J. Wells, J.